Guidelines shown below are for Included Angles ().

Notes are also available on a different web page for Micro / Secondary Bevels.

Sharpening axes on the Tormek uses the Tormek SVA-170 Ax Jig. Alternatively, an angle grinder can be used with a 120 grit flap disc.

There are some who recommend that the overall grind be convex (see also, An Ax to Grind: A Practical Ax Manual from the U.S. Forest Service). I have found that using a secondary bevel removes that need.

General Guidelines
Ax Type Secondary Bevel Notes
Soft Wood Hard Wood
General 20° 25° 2° - 5° This is a guideline. Exact angles are not required.
Carpenter 20° 25° Grind the edge so there is a longer side facing the wood.
Felling 30° 35°
Hunting 30° 35°

Notes & Comments
Information regarding Grindstones

Good videos showing the use of the Tormek SVA-170 Axe Jig:

Tormek Live Sharpening Class - Part 2. Axe & scissors sharpening

Sebastien and Wolfgang from Tormek will go through sharpening of axes and scissors.

How to sharpen an axe with Tormek T-4 Bushcraft
Sharpen axes with the Tormek Axe Jig SVA-170

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About this site
Remember : The goal of sharpening is to produce sharp tools, and these tools can injure you if mishandled. Safety measures should be followed to protect yourself and those in your shop. Be sure to read and follow all instructions from the manufacturer, and and utilize proper safety equipment. Never consume alcohol or anything that could impair your judgement before sharpening tools, or using sharp tools. Comments can be sent via eMail to me at